Ayurveda Medical Plants and its Usage

SANSKRIT NAMES AND SYNONYMS OF MEDICINAL PLANTS
For each and every medicinal plant there are many Sanskrit names. Each name also carries a special meaning conected with that medicinal plant. Presented below is the selected list of a few important medicinal plants and their Sanskrit names. 

Augusta : agasti: agastidru, munitaru, vangasenaka: 
Eagle wood : agaru, krumijagdham, yojakam, rajarham, pravara, vamsika, krumiham 

Alangium : ankola, kolaka, rechee, deerghakeelaka 
Sphaeranthus indicus : hapusha, munda, mahamundee, bhikshu, sraavenee, thapodhana 

Aconite : athivisha, kasmeera, prathivisha, aranyaa, stungika, mahaoushadha, visharropa, amrutha, swethavachaa. 

Rauwolfia serpentina : sarpagandha, nakulee, sarppadanee, rakthathrika, kukkutee

Tinospora cordifolia : guloochi, chinnaruha, chinnolbhava, valsaadanee, kundalana, amrutavallee, amruthalatika, bhishakpriya, madhuparni.

Nerium indicum : karaveera, aswaghana, aswamaara, hayamaraka

Marking nut tree : bhallathaka, agnimukhee, aarushkaram, ashkara, bhallee, Asoka tree asoka, anganapriya, hemapushpa, thamrapallava, gandhapushpa, vanchula, kankoli.

Malabar nut tree : Vaasa, vaasaka, vrushaka, simhasya, vamsa, Vishnu, vajeedanta 

Prickly leaved elephants fruit : gojihwa, gojihwika, gobhi, daavika, khara, parnini. 

Neem :nimba, arishta, hinguniryasa, manda, abhidhana, thiktaka

Sacred fig : aswatha, pippala, ksheeravruksha, chalapatra, bodhivruksha, kesavalaya. 

Country fig: udumbara, jantuphala, sevya, kruphala. 

Castor oil plant : ernda, panchangula, vaataari, deerghadandaa, kumbhee, gandharva hstha, tharuna, vardhamana, rumbaka. 

Indian elma : chiribila, putrikaranja, karanja Ginger : srungaveram, suntee, nagara, mahaoushas adhee, ardhra, sakam.

Lemon grass : kaarpoorathruna, sugandha thruna 

Salmali/red cotton tree : saalamalee, pischila, rakthapushaka, sthiraaya, mocha, pooranee, kantakadruma 

Moura butter tree : madhuka, theekshana saara, vatarastam, madhusrava, swadupushpa. 

Indian berthwort : gaarudee, ahigandha, rudrajaata, sunada, eeswari, arkamoola, 

Indian beech : karanja, nakatamaala, guchapushpaka, ghrutapura, snigdapatra, krumimardhana, udakeerya

Deveils apple : dattura, dhoostura, unmaanttha 

Balloon wine : karnaphota 

Maddar : arka, sooryahwa, viksheera, ksheeraparnee, asphotam, vasuka, bhaskaram, ravi, mandaram, alarkam 

Mexican poppy : swarnaksheeri, haimavatee, brahmadandee, parnee, peetadughaa. 

Gingelly : thila, sneharanga 

Cardamom : elm, sookshma, draavidee, upkunjee, sookshmylaa 

Devil tree : saptaparna, visalatwak, chatraparnee, saaptachada, vishmacchada, 
Ionidium saffraticosum : amburuka, padmacharinee, avitha, lakshmi, sreshta, sarada. 

Kampferia galanga : sati, gandhamoolaka, draavidaka, kaalpaka, palaaka, chandaa. 

Indian hemp : vijaya, sidhapuri, bhanga, harshana, maathulani, bhangi.

Prickly chaff flower: apaamarga, mayoora, sikharee, markatapippalee, durgradha, karamanjari, indulekhaa. 

Chembulik myrobalan : hareethakee, abhayam, pathya, jeevapriya, rohini, chetakee. 

Indian labernam : aaragwadha, nruendra, kruthamala, raajavrukham syaamaa, chaturangulam deerghaphala. 

Wilk egg plant : kandakaree, nidighika, durpradharsha, kshudrakandika, vyaaghree. 

Bettel nut : puga, pugaphalam, kramuka, guvaka, ghonda. 

Eclipta alba : kesaraja, bhrmgraja, kunlavardhana, bhrunga, angaraka, kesaranjana 

Strobilanthus heyniyanus : saireya, sahachara, daasi 

Monochoria hastaefolia : neelolpala 

Five leaved chest tree: nirgundi, sindhuvara, neelamanjaree, indrasu, rasa, indranika, bhootakesi, neelikaa. 

Clove : lava: varaa, devapushpa, bhrunga, sreeprasoonaka 

Heatid cassia : chakramarda, prachanda, dadrughna, prapunnata;, mesha, lochana, padmata, edagaja, chakree.

Sandal wood : sreekhandam, swethachandanam, chandanam, hima:seetam, seetham, gandhadyam, bhadrasree 

Onion : rajapalandu, drugndha, mukhabhooshana, yavaneshta 
Clerodendrum serratum : bharngi, Barbara, fanji, brahmika, kasajil, brahmayashti. 

Lime : nimbuka, jambhaka, jambeera 

Green gram : mudga, simbisreshta, varnaha, rasotthama 

Erva lanata : bhadrika, gorakshaganja, kurandaka 

Nutmeg : jatji : Jatikosa : malateephala: 
Jamun tree : jambavam, mahaneela, phalendra, surabhee patra, neelaphala, mahaskanda, nandee, rajjamboo 

Boerhavia diffus : purarnava, punarbhava, sophaghnee, varshaabha: 
Downi christia : dhathakee, agnijwaala, dhatraupushpee, dhatupushpee, bahupushpika 

Bahera tree : vibheetika, vibheetakee, anlaghnaka, aksham, kalidruma:, bhootavasa 

Lotus : saraseeruham, rajeevam, pushkarasikha, ambujam, kamalam,sathapatram, padmam, nalinam, aravindam, sahasrtapatram, pankarooham, kusesayam. 

Long pepper : pippalli, upakula, Krishna, magadha, vaidehi, kana, krukala 
Lencas aspera : dronapushpee, chitrapatrika, phaleph ushpa, kabhapriya, drona. 

Holy basil : manjari, krishnatulasi, surasam, gramyaa, surabhee, bahumanjari, bhootaghani, devadundubhi, tulasi. 

Ixora : raktala, paatalee, paaranti 

Touch me not : lajjalu, raktapaadi, namaskari, sparsalajja, kharatwak, sankochini 

Indian rubarb : trivruta, tribhandee, sarala, triputa: suvaha, rechanee, nisotraa

Indian sarasaparilla : saribaa, ananthamoola, gopavallee, dhavala, gopakanyaka, krusodaree, gopa

Cowhage : ajada, kandoora, pravrushenya, sukasimbee, kapikacchu, markatee, kulakshayaa 

Black musali : thalamooli, thalamoolika, thalapatrika, bhoothali, hamsapadi, dheerghakandika 

Country chiratta : bhoonimba, kiratatikta, katutikta, thiktaka

Indigo plant : neela, neelini, neelika, tutha, graminee, ranjini 

White murda : arjuna, kokula, partha, indradruma, dhavala, veeruvruksha, nadeesaraja, karuveera, krishnasarathi, arjuna, kaahu, ahua 

Crateva : varunam, pasugandham, asmareeghna, thikta

Purgiong croton : jayapala, dantibeejam, kumbhee, dravanti, tinthrideephalam.

Seesling tree : sireesha: phanji, kapethana, sukapushpa, sukataru, mrudupushpa, 

Indian gooseberry : vayastha, dhatri, dhatriphalam, amruta, aamalaka, vrushya, sivam 

Cottonplant : karpasikaa, samudranta, sarinee, guda, badari, tundkeri 

Indian trumpet floer tree : syonaka, aralu, deerghvrutta, pruthusimba, tuntuka

Chey root : parpat, jwarghna, sookshma patra, seetapriya, pittari 

Cyclea peltata : paatika, ambashtakee, varatikta, aviddhakarna, tamgnee, paataa

Kaligottu : patala, krishnavrunta, tamrapushpee, kuberakshi 

Finger leamorning glory : ksheeravidaari, ikshugandha, bhoomimanda, payaswinin, vrushyavallika, ikshuvalli. 

Bitter guard : susavi, karavellaka, karavella, katillaka: 
Imula rcemosa : pushkara, padmapatra, poushkara, pushkara, sipha, pushkaramoola, kashmeera, kushtabheda. 

Indian sorel : amlika, chagery, sargheri, dantasata, amlaruha 

Umbrella tree : gardabhandam, parisha, kamandalu 

Chonemorpha macrophylla : madhusroni, dhanurmala, murva, murva, madhusava, murvee, dhanuguna 

Flame of the forest : palasam, kimsuka, raktpushpaka, kshara, sreshta, brahavruksha 

Bacopa monnieri : brahm thrayantee, seetakamini, bhekaparnee 

Indian maddar : manjishta, vikasha, samanga, rakthangee, raktayashtika, kaalamishika, yojanavalli, vastrabhooshana

Turmeric : Haridra, gouri, rajani, varangee 

Tree turmeric : daruharidra, kaleeykiyam, peetadaru

Coriander : dhanya, chatra, vitunnakam 

Pomgranata : dadimam, daadima, kuchaphala, dantabeejaka, lohitpushpaka

Horse gram : kulatha, kulatthika 

Nut grass : mustaka, varida, musta, jaldhara, ambudhara, Ghana, payodhara, kuruvinda, kuruvid/ndwakhya, mothoa, nagaramotha 

Grape vine : draaksha, mrudveeka, gosthana, swaduphala, amrutaphala 

Drum stick : sigru, sigrujam, sobhanjana, akshiva, mochaka, theekshanagandha 

Climbing lilly : longalika, sakrapushpika, agnisikha 

Wawrung : vidanga, krumighna, krimiripu 

Garlic : iasunam, urgagandham, bhoothaghna, mlechagandha, yavaneshtam, melchkandhu, rasona. 

Indian kino tree : bandhuka, peetasala, asana, bandhukapusjspa, petakam 

Butterfly bean : ankapushpee, gavakshee, sankaahwa, mangalya, devkusuma, girikarnika aparajita 

Asparagus racemosum : satvari, abheeru, narayanee, sahasraveerya.

Walnut : akhobha, phalasneha, rekhaphala, vatghni, vrudhaphala, parvateeya, gudasaya 

Vithania : aswagandha, turagagandha, gajeeganda, hayagandha, varaha, varada, 

Bishops weed : agni, agnika, ajamodaka, deepyaka, khaaswa, yavanika, bhoomidambaka 

Birth wort : keetamari, dhoomrapata, nakulee 

Water lilly: kumudam, pundareekam, rajeevam, indeevaram 

Licorice : yashtimadhura, kleethaka, athirasa, madhusrva 

Cinnamon : thwkptra, tamala, tamalapatram, chocha, varanga

Tooth brush tree : bruihat pilu, gouri, lakhupilu, madhupilu, mahaphala, mahavruksha 

Fenugreek : methi, methika, bahupatrika, bahubeejam, gandhaphala, vallari, kunjika, deepana 

Country mallow : atibala, balika, balyam, ghanda, vatyapushpee, bhooribala

Zachum oil plant : ingudi, thapaataru, putigandha, kandakeetam, angarapushpa, kandakeevruksha.

Round sidory : satee, karchoora, suganghamoola, dravida, gandhasatee

Mustard : rajika, asuree, theekshanagandha, arsapa 

Dark catechu : khadir, kushtari, raktaaram, danthadavana, yajnanga, bahusalya, gayatri 

Caraway : krishnajeeraka, bahuguna, krishnajaji, kat neela 

Quasia indica : neelavruksha, neelasara 

Palmyra plm : thala, aavadruma, dwajadruma, deerghaskanda, duraroha, lekhyapatra. 

Babul : baboola, baboolika, barbura, pootimeda, deerghakandaka, peetapushpa, sookshama sakha, 

Spurge : snuhi, samanthadugda, vajra, sehundam 

Bonduc tree : kuberakshi, lathakaranja, grutakaranja, ksheerinee

American worm seed : chivillika, goudavstuaka, sugandha vastuka

Indian borage : adhopushpi, surasam, romalum, avakapushpee, dhenujihwa 

Asafoetida : hingu, sahasravedi, ramata, asugra, jantughana, agoodagandham, jarana 

Bengal current : karmada, avighna, krishnapaka, krishnapanaphala, drudakandaka, 

Babchi : vakuchi, somarajee, suvalli, somavallika, avluguja, krishnaphala, putriphala, chandalekha, durgandha, kalameshi, kushtanasini, kaphanasini, putiphalee, bhookesi, bakuchi. 

Chireta plant : kiratatikta, haima, kandatikta, bhonimba, mahatikta, chiayata

Safron plant: kesara, kunkum, ghusorna, rakta, rudhir, kashmira, aruna, deepaka, 

Malabar tamarind : vrukshamla, phalamla, raktasamjna, amrutadrumba, rasamlam, savedhi, tanthrini 

Henbane : paraseekayavani, yavaneeyavani, thrivagandha, madkarini, syamakubera, ruruksha 

Thach scare pine : Ketkee, chamarapushpaka, dhooleepushpika, deerghapatra, gandhapushpa, indukalika, jambuka, kandadala, ketaka 

Costus : kushtam, pushkara, kasmeerarajam, vapyam, rogam, agada, vyadhi, ulpalam, pakalam rucha, visha 

Ivy guard : bimbi, bimbika, danthachadopama 

Gumnema sylvestris : ajasrungee, madhulika, madhunasinee, meshsrungee, tikthadugda. 

Indian mahagani : tunee, kubera, nandeevruksha, kaccha, peetatuni, mahanimba, kanakam. 

Brazil wood : bhavya vruksha, kuchandanam, lohitam, patanga, ranjanam 

Champa : chmpaka, athigndha, champeya, sukumara, hemapushpa, seetalacchada, kanchana 

Indian senna : sonamukhee, bhoomichari, markandika 

China root : dveepanthara vacha, madhusnuhi 

Flax seed : rudrapatnee, ratnaptr, neelapushpa, suvarchala, uma, athasee, masruna. 

Indian night shade : akrantha, bruhatee, kandakini, kshudravarthakee, simhee 

Muskroot plant / jadamansi : jadamamsee, bhotajada, jadila, thapaswini, sulomasa, nalitha, krishnajkada, mashika, misi 

Purple lippa : jalapippali, srdee, sakuladini, malsya gandha, languli, bahusikha

Cumin : jeeraka, ajajijee, jeerana, kana, deerghajeeraka, hrudru, deepyaka, manojna, ruchya. 

Gokru : gokshura, gokshuraka, bhaksharaka, gokhuru, gokuandaka, shadanga, kandapatrika, vanasrungada 

Star anise : kakkolam, kokkola 

Indian valerian : thagara, kalamsarakam, kutila, chkra, barhana, kshtra, rajaharshanan. 

Himalayan silver fir : thaleesa, thaleesam, thaleepatram, patrakhyam, dhatreepatram, neela, sukodaram 

Fagonia arabica : durlabha, danvyasa, thamramoola, dusparsa, samudranta, kaccharu, sookshmapatra, harivigraha, anantha 

East Indian rosebay : nandeevruksha, ksheerika, ksheeri, kshayadruma, nandyavarita, thagarachandanee, cishnupriya, chameliu, chandini, thagara. 

Indian squill : vanapalandu, kolakanda, krumighna, pancjalam, putakanda, suputa. 

Iron wood tree : nagakesara, nagapushpa, kanakahwam, hemakinjalkam 
Strebulus asper : rukshapara, peetaphala, sakhotata, asshadoorta, bhootavruksha, gavakshee, karkasacchada. 

Soapanut tree : arishta, phenila, gucchaphala, reetaa, somavallika, reeta karnja 

Ribbed guard : thikta kosataki, dhamargava, dharaphala, kosatakee, krutacchidra, thikta, deerghaphala, jalini, karkotakee, devatala, jeemuta jinga 

Tobacco : dhoomra patra, thamalam, maboolaka, ksharpatra, vajrabhrungee, kalanja 

Ceylon oak : kosmr, lakshavruksha, kshudramra, dhanaskanda, krumitharu. 

Sweet fennel : misreya, madhurika, misi, saleya, 

Barley : yava, akshapatram, dhanraja, divyam, hayapriya, hayeshta, kunjukee, medhya. Pavitradhanya, sukta, swetsranga, seetasuka 

Tree of heaven : arala, deerghavrunta, mahaniba, pootivruksha, khotakaranja 

Blacknight shade : kakamachee, kakamata, kakakokali, kushghnee,bahuphala, bahutikta, sundaree, swadupaka. 

Jangli badam : toovaraka, kushtavairi 

Velve leaf : lakhupata, peeluphala, ambashtakee, varatikta, bruhatthikta 

Giant taro : maananam, mahapatra, sphoolakanda 

Headache tree : agni manda, arani, ganikarika, vaijayantra: 
Red sandalwood : raktachandna, raktasara, kshudra chandana, harichandanam 

Cuscus grass : usira, samagandhika, ranapriya, veeram, veeranam, sevyam 

Rosary nut : Rudraksha tree : rudraksha, bhootanasana, neelakdaaksha, sivakahsa. 

Chinese date : badaram, badari, badarika, phelila, koli 

Indian aconite : valsanabha, visham, garalam, jangulam, halaahalam, theekshanam 

Sweet flag : vacha, ugragandha, golomi, jadila, lomasa, shadgranthi, sataparvika, satapatri, mangalyam 

Cubebs plant : sugandheephalam, kruthphalam kla, katukaphalam, choornaka, dviparicha, kankola, kankolaka. 

Drill : satpushpa, satahva, madhura 

Garden rue : gucchapatra, peetapushpa, satapadika, srpadamshtra, vishapaha, somalata 

Sal tree : rala, salaja, salavruksha, dhrupavruksha, sarjarasa 

Sugar apple : bahubeejaka, gandagatra, krishnabeeja, seetaphala 

Sunflower : sooryavarcha, adityabhaktam, suvarchala, suryukhee. 

COMMONLY USED MEDICINAL PLANTS, THEIR ACTIVE PRINCIPLES AND USES. 
Agasta : which is also known in Sanskrit as Agasti, agastidru is an important ayurvedic medicinal component which has large amount of tannin on the bark and blood red colored latex. It has vitamins minerals and other micronutrients. It is used for thridosha based ailments, fever, headache, injuries, etc. 

Alangium known in Sanskrit as Ankola is an effective medicinal plant which has a number of Sanskrit names. It contains in its roots the alargin, markin and markidine alkaloids. It can be used for curing blood pressure based illness, hydrophoboea, fever and as anthelmentic etc. 

Ackonite, which in Sanskrit known as athivishta, srungikam, etc has large quantity of carbohydrate, protein, glycerides, tannic acid, hestidine, heterophillicin, heterophillin, aconitin, etc. in the form of alkaloids. The plant parts are used for digestive abnormalities, fever, poisons, gland swellings, etc. 
Tinospora known in Sanskrit as Guloochi or amruthavalli has berberin as one of the most important alkaloids in it. This plant has also got a component which is highly bitter in nature. The essence of the stem is used in many ayurvedic medicines. It is proved that the medicinal component present in the plant can control body temperature, purify the blood, improves the digestion power, it cures the skin diseases and diabetics. It is known to cleanse the kidney.

Asoka tree is known in Sanskrit as Asoka, hemapushpa, etc. It has high content of tannin in the bark. Catechol is another important constituent of the bark. It contains both essential oils and small amount of fixed oils in it. The imortant glycosides present in asoka tree bark are haemotoxylin and ketosterol. It also contains large amount of saponin and calcium steroids. 

The medicinal constituents of the bark are useful against poisons, and it reduces blood flow. It is bacteriocidal, and fastens the curation of wounds and reduces the stomach ache. Malabar nut also known as Adathoda, has many names in Sanskrit. It is known as vasa vasaka: etc., Highly volatile oils are present in leaf, flower, root and seeds. The leaf contains vasisine alkaloid. The surface bark of the root has high quantity of the alkaloids. The drug is very effective against capillary bleeding. It improves the count of blood platellites. 

Neem is a well known medicinal plant effectively used for many abnormalities in the body. It has many names in Sanskrit, nimba: arishta: thiktaka:, etc., are few among these names. It has margosin alkaloids in leaves and bark. The seeds contain margosopicrin, and large amount of fixed oil and glycosides. Nimbin, nimbinin, nimbidin, nimbostyrole, etc., are present in the seed oil. The flower has highly useful essential oil. The plant is very effective for the purification of blood, as a remedy for skin diseases, as anthelmentics, etc. 
The century fig, known in Sanskrit as udumbara is a tree which contains tannins, saponins, wax etc. The active principles of the plant is known to purify the blood, effective for the urinary abnormalities, skin diseases, etc. 

Castor plant which in Sanskrit is known as eranda, panchangula, vathari, etc., contains more than 50% of the seed weight the castor oil. This oil is the richest source of recinoliec acid. It also contains resins. This resin is highly poisonous glycoprotein, which is soluble in water. The Castor oil is a very inportant laxative. 

Ginger, known in Sanskrit as sundi, nagara: etc., is an important constituent of ayurvedic preparations. High quantity of volatile oil and gingerol are the important constituent. It is said that there is no kashaya without ginger. It activates the digestive systems and is effective for fever and other ailments. In modern medicine also the giner is used. Gingelly which in Sanskrit known as thila : is an important constituent in many after death ceremonies, may be due to the fact that, the Upanishad describe sesame/gingely and connect the body with black cover of the seed and the oil as atma present inside. Other than high quantity protein, oil and carbohydrate, the seed also contains sesamine, sesamolin. It effects our body in many ways. It fastens the cleaning of the intenstine, provides essential fatty acids, and protects skin when used for the oil bath. 

Cardamom which in Sanskrit is known as ela and also in many other names. It contains both fixed oil and also essential oil. Cardamom is used in modern medicines also. Digestive action, kidney cleaning, maintaining body temperature, etc., are said to be the beneficial action of the cardamom. 
Prickly chaff flower known in Sanskrit as apaamarga: or mayoora contains the hentriya contane, saponins, oleonolic acid, etc. It is effective for urinary problems, reducing the deleterious effects of materials in body. 

Terminalia chebula is perhaps the most important ayurvedic drug, known in Sanskrit as hareetakee, abhaya etc. It contains chebulinic acid, large quantity of tannins, etc. It has variety of medicinal properties. Digestive systems, procreative tissues, general tissues, etc are beneficially affected by the chebula. 
Strobilanthus known in Sanskrit as sahachara is used for external and internal body application in Ayurveda. It contains high amount of potassium in leaves and an unusal alkaloid known as lupieol in the root. This drug is used for preparing ayurvedic formulation for the purification of blood, improving the sexual life and many types of skin disorers. 

Monochoria known in Sanskrit as neelolpalam, is used for drug preparations. All parts of the plants are effectively useful. It improves the health, cures the burns and maintains the body temperature and useful for the fever. Five leaved chest tree is known in Sanskrit as nirgundi, sinduvara: Meelamanjari, etc. It has large volume of volatile oils, resins, aromatic compounds, carbonic acids, variety of alkaloids, etc. The most effective components are tritia contane, N-hentria contane, N-pentantria, B sitosterols, hydroxy benzoic acid etc have received attention from researchers. 

Bermooda grass even though wrongly named like this is a very important grassy plant used in medicinal preparation known in Sanskrit as durva, rooha, etc. It contains small amount of volatile oil, high content of minerals, and used for urinary problems, purification of blood, etc. 

Trichosanthus is known in Sanskrit as patola, koolaka, etc It contains saponins, hentria containe, and fixed oil and little volatile also in the seed. It activates the digestive power, reduces the skin diseases, and other types of infections internally and externally. 

Black oil tree, known in Sanskrit as jyothishmati, thejovati etc has oleum nigrum-a black coloured oil and also an yellow coloured oil in the seeds. The most important alkaloids present in the oil is said to be the cryojote. 
Phylanthus deblis is known in Sanskrit as Bhoodhatri, bhoomyamalaki etc, which has highly poisonous material in the leaves. This component is effective towards jaundice. stomach ache, digestion, for preventing bleeding, etc. 

Indian pennivert is a plant known in Sanskrit as mandookee, bhramee, etc., in contains amino acids, apartic acids, glycine, glutamic acid, phenyl alanine, etc. It is effective for improving memory and for rejuvenation. The bromides present in the plant extract is a good sedative. It is used for mental disorders also. 
Black pepper, known in Sanskrit as mareecha valleeja, etc., has piperine alkaloids in the seed and skin. It also contains chavisin, piperidine, essential oils, resins, etc. and used against fever, cough, cold, and many digestive problems. 
The sida plant known in Sanskrit as bala, vatyaala, etc., contains high amount of alkaloids, steroids, effidrinoid, etc. It is effective against paralyses, sexual disorders, as a pain killer and also against fever and cold. Bel tree, is known in Sanskrit as bilwa, maloora:, etc. It contains emparatoriam A and B which are effective anthelmentics. Riboflavin, pepsin, tannins are other compounds present in bilva seed /fruit. It is a very effective medicine as raw and also after ripening. It contains marmin and marmalosin which are medicinal components. The oil contains egilin and egilanin which are alkaloids. 

Indian dellium known in Sanskrit as guggulu, has myrcene, dimercyne, polymyrcene, etc as a part of the aromatic compounds present in the volatile oil. It is effective as a pain killer and for blood abnormalities. Used as a smoking agent and bacteriocidal component. 

Clove has many names in Sanskrit, like lava, vara, devapushpa, etc. It has many role in the preparation of ayurvedic drugs. It contains more than 19% essential volatile oil. The oil is also present in leaves. Eugenol, caryophyllene and their isomers. It is used both in ayurveda and modern medicines, for improving digestion, against many diseases, as antiseptic, lungs disorders and as pain killers. 

Bone setter, is an important medicinal plant which in Sanskrit is known as vajravalli, kulisa etc. It contains calcium oxalate, ascorbic acid, carotene, and the usual components present in other plants. It is known as bone setter and very effective in bone abnormalities. 
Sandal wood, is a very expensive woody drug known in Sanskrit as swethachandanam, chandanam, etc. It has volatile highly viscous oil containing santalene, santalol and santalal, which are effective medicines. It is an energizer for the body and used for aroma therapy also. It is effective for urinary infections and blockages. 
Fire plant known in Sanskrit as chitra and ooshnam. It has plumbagin alkaloid in its roots and hence the root is very effective drug for internal and skin based abnormalities mainly stomach problems in children. 
Green gram is known from the vedic period as mudgam. It is a part of the Indian food It is contains albuminoids. It effective for cleaning the intenstine, imporving the digestive capacity, reducing fever and cold. 

Erva lanta is the medicinal plant known in Sanskrit as bhadrika used effectively for removing the kidney stones by dissolving them out. 
Nutmeg is known in Sanskrit as jati has lot of essential oil in the seed. It contains myristin, myristidin, myristic acid, etc. The volatile oil contains myristicol. All the these components together make the nutmeg and effective drug for improving digestion, curing stomach based illness, improving sexual capability, etc. 

Boyerhavia diffusa is known in Sanskrit as punarnava, and punarbhava, and contains punarnavin alkaloid used mainly for urinary problems. The punarnavasavam is an important ayurveda drug. 
Downly christia is known in Sanskrit as dhatakee. It has tannin in large quantity and variety of other components. Highly active as bacteriocidal and digestive enhancer. 

Lotus known in Sanskrit as saraseeruham, is an effective drug to enhance or retard the actual qualities of other drug components. All the parts of lotus are useful as drugs. The most important active principle present in lotus rhizome is the nilemben. It regulates the blood flow, controls blood related problems. It is also used as an antiseptic. 

Long pepper known in Sanskrit as pippalli, has pipyartin, piperin, as alkaloids and has large volume of volatile oil. From the stem the seroids are obtained. The important steroid are dihydro stigmasterine and serioid. 
Holy basil is known as tulasi has large amount of volatile oil and used against fever, heart problems and lungs problems. It is used as antiseptic. Very effective for skin diseases also. 

Ixora coccinia known in Sanskrit as raktala has tannin, fixed oil, acidic components, etc. The plant is useful for stomach ache and other stomach problems. It is effective as antimicrobial. 

Touch me not is known in Sanskrit Lajjalu and raktapad is effective for pulmonary problems, thirst based symptoms, and as anti bacterial. 

Cowhage known in Sanskrit as ajada, kandoora has variety of minerals in it and dihydroxy phenyl alanine, glutathion, lecithin, gallic acid, variety of glucosides, etc. It is excellent for rejuvenation and improving blood circulation. 

Country chiratta is known as bhoonimba and thiktaka having little oil and bitter principles, The kalmegnin alkaloid is present at very high level in this plant. Used for the lever problems in the children, improving the performance of digestive glands and purification of blood. 

Indigo plant is known in Sanskrit as nila, thuttha, etc which has indgotin upto 50% and indigotin in Sanskrit is known as nadkarni. The drug is used as antiseptic, and also for parallitic abnormalities. 

Indina gooseberry is known in Sanskrit as dhatree, amrutha, amalakee, etc. It contains pectin, vitamin C, high level of iron, tannic acid, resin, sugar, albumin etc., It is used in health tonics for purification of blood, eye ointments, bone abnormalities, creating healthy blood vessels, and for improving digestive power. 

Indian trumpet flower tree, known in Sanskrit as syonaka, aralu has oroxylin crystals and bitter principles. It has pectin and different types of alkaloids. It is used against parallytic problems, and digestive problems. 

Stereospermum chelonides, known in Sanskrit as patala, krishnavruntha etc., has lapacol which is an important antitumour component and used for edema. It is a pain killer, and used for digestive problems. 

Ashclared fliben known in Sanskrit as sahadevi has beta amerin acetate, luppeol acetate, beta amerin lupeol, alpha spinasterol, and used for urinary problems and as antiseptic. 

Bacopa monnieri known in Sanskrit as brahmi has brahminin, erpestin, alkaloids, this plant has highly effective use in heart based problems, affects positively the blood circulation and improves memory power. 

Indian medder, known as manjishta, or vikasha has manjistin, garasin, alizarin, santhin glycosides in the roots. Hence used as brain and joint pain killer. It is used for the purification of blood, for diabetics, and has antiseptic property also. 

Turmeric known in Sanskrit as haridra, gouri, rajani has rhizomin, turmeron curcumin, as alkaloids and essential oil components. It is an effective antispectic and colourant. 

Coriander known in Sanskrit as dhanya, chatra, etc has both fixed and essential oils, in the seed and leaves. It also contains coriandrin and geraniol as the most important components. It improves digestive power, and acts as energizer. 

Biophytum senstivium known as samanga and alambusha has very effective anti cough property and used as anti-inflamation agent. 

Nut grass known in Sanskrit as mustaka, and varidam has variety of essential oil components and alkaloids. These components are effectively used for fever, cleaning intestine, improving digestive power and against urinary problems. 
Emila sonchifolia is known in Sanskrit as sasasruti is effective against fever, stomach problems tonsellites, etc. 

Drumstick known as sigru in Sanskrit has moringin, moringinin, alkaloids in the root and bark, It is an important anti inflammatory drug for external application and can be used as a good sweating agent and sedative. 

Wawrung known in Sanskrit as vodanga had embellic acid, fixed oil, essential oils, tannin and an alkaloid known as elbellin. It is used as anthelmentic and as anti leprosy drug. 

Garlic in Sanskrit known as lasunam or ugrasandha, has propyl disulphide and di allyl disulphide, which gives the characterstic properties of the garlic. It is used for many body abnormalities and as a part of ayurvedic drug formulations. 

Asparagus racemousus, known in Sanskrit as satavaree has aspargin alkaloid. The plant is used for variety of illness, like sexual problems, blood diseases, high temperatire, etc. 

Withania root known in Sanskrit as aswagandha and also in many synonyms, has variety of alkaloids in the leaves known as withanolides This is a starting material for the withaferin used an antimicrobials. Thirteen types of alkaloids have been isolated from the roots. Anahygrine, meso anaferine, cusco hygrine, isopelleterine, hygrine, tropine, pseudotropine, choline, withasomnine, somniferine, etc are the important among the lakaloids. It is used as a sedative, energises the activity of heart, brain and blood cirulation systems. It cures head ache, skin abnormalties, etc. interestingly all the parts of this plant has medicinal properties. 

Bishops weed in Sanskrit is known as agni, ajamodaka and so on. It has measurable amount of volatiles and the compound apiin is extracted from the oil, which is a glycoside. The seeds are highly antiseptic in nature. It is used for solving the problems connected with digestive systems, and directly influences the heart beat, reduces pain in body. 

Licorice known in Sanskrit as yastimadhu and athirasa. It has high quantity glycerine, ramnoglycoside, licuiritigin, licuiritin, isolicuritigenin, which are all the glycosides. The drug has most effective use in the throat cleaning, intestine cleaning, and effective for the lungs functioning, heart beat, stomach based problems, vomiting, etc it is also used for abnormalities in the eyes. 

Fenugreek known in Sanskrit as methika. It has trigonelline and choline, as alkaloids. It has aromatic compounds like quercetin and inteolin which are glycosides. It is excellent for the arthritis, and a stimulant for endocrine and digestive systems. It has a variety of other ayurvedic properties also. 

Asafoeitida which in Sanskrit is known as hingu, ramata, etc., contains less than 3% volatile oil. It contains camphene, epinine, etc. The asafoetida is a good digestant, enhances memory. It is excellent as stomach active agent and digestant. 

Chiretta plant, known in Sanskrit as kiratikta, haima, etc has chiratin, ophelic acid and margiferin, jentianin as alkaloids. The plant is effective for fever, malaria and related diseases. 

Costus, known in Sanskrit as kushtam, pushkara, etc., has a powerful oil which has a glycoside known as sossurine alkaloid. It also has tannin. Cures the lungs and digestive- abnormalities. It is effective for cough, allergy, skin disorders, etc. 

Gymnema sylvestre is known is Sanskrit as ajasrungee, madhulikaa, etc. It has noncosane, hentriyacontane, triaconatene and gymnemic acid. It also has anthraquinone and ideal for diabetics, diuretic, regulates heart activities, and excellent remedy for snake bite. 

Indian senna, known in Sanskrit as sonamukhi has sennoside A and B mannitol, salicylic acid, chrysophanic acid saponins, etc. It is a very good purgative. It reduces skin disorders, and act as anthelmentics.Cumin in Sanskrit known as jeeraka, ajajee, etc has volatile oil containing aldehydes, cymine, etc. This is an excellent digestive stimulant, anti-vomiting agent, cures and eye infections. 
Himalayan silver fur known in Sanskrit as thaleesapatra and thaleesam has siyadopithicin as an important constituent in the leaves. It reduces cough and lungs based abnormalities. 

Himalayan cedar known in Sanskrit as devadaru, suradaru, etc. It contains an oleoresin in the trunk. It has turpentine and cholestyrin.
These are all Herbal Medicines found in Ancient India. Hope this will be usefull to everyone. thank you for reading.
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